Everybody knows what the National Lottery is - how it is played, how big the prizes are - but not so many of us understand what it does.
The National Lottery was established by Parliament to raise money for worthwhile causes. The five good causes - arts, sports, charities, heritage and celebrating the millennium - were chosen by Parliament. There are eleven distributing bodies responsible for giving grants to these good causes. They are the Sports and Arts Councils of England, Scotland, Wales and Northern Ireland, the National Lottery Charities Board, the Heritage Lottery Fund and the Millennium Commission.
Out of every pound spent on the National Lottery, 28 pence goes to the five good causes. So each good cause gets 5.6 pence.
There is a pie-chart diagram describing the split:
Prizes 50% Good Causes 28% Lottery duty 13% Retailer commission 5% Operating costs 3% Profit 1%
In all, it is estimated that around £9 billion will be raised for the good causes by 2001. By February 1997, £3 billion had been allocated to about 20,000 projects - many of these are community based schemes helping to improve the quality of live for everybody by building or strengthening communities.
Together, the good causes have already helped deprived groups, saved buildings and national treasures, enabled more people to enjoy sports and the arts and supported landmark projects to celebrate the new millennium.
The money doesn't just go to large prestige projects - over half the awards so far have been for less than £25,000. Small amounts of money that do a lot of good to a lot of people.
Also, the distribution rules have been changed by the Government to allow funds to be used to pay for people running the projects, people helping to make the schemes happen, as well as for capital projects - our buildings and our landscape.
The new rules means that Lottery funds will be invested in people, as well as in building projects. The Sports Council can now provide revenue funds for talented athletes and the Arts Council can give grants to increase access to and participation in the Arts, particularly for young people. The Millennium Commission operates a Millennium Awards bursary scheme, enabling individuals to contribute to the community.
Camelot Group plc won the licence to operate the National Lottery in a competitive tendering process. The company put forward the lowest bid and, as a result of its efficiency, has raised more money for the Government and the good causes within the period of its operation than any other lottery in the world.
The Office of the National Lottery (OFLOT) was established under the National Lottery Act 1993. It is headed by the Director General of the National Lottery, who regulates and licenses individual games. His duties are to protect players' interests, ensure that the Lottery is run properly; and maximise the proceeds to the good causes supported by the Lottery.
The Department of National Heritage was created to enrich the lives of people in this country. It is the Government department responsible for the National Lottery and its work covers all the areas supported by the good causes. It supports quality and diversity in creative activities, safeguards historic buildings and monuments, and promotes opportunities to enjoy leisure activities. The Department is also responsible for tourism, broadcasting and other activities which contribute to the nation's prosperity and prestige.
If you want to know more about applying for a grant, contact the bodies listed at the end of this leaflet.
Arts Lottery money is being spent on a wide range of capital projects, including the renovation and re-equipping of arts venues.
The Arts Council has launched a new scheme, Arts 4 Everyone, which will enable:
We have been able to help:
Millennium projects fall into three types:
In 1997, more initiatives will be introduced. Coaching and Leadership, Talent Identification and Development programmes will introduce, encourage and enhance sport for all of us.
The Arts Council Of England Tel: 0171 312 0123 The Scottish Arts Council Tel: 0131 226 6051 The Arts Council of Northern Ireland Tel: 01232 667 000 The Arts Council of Wales Tel: 01222 388 288
National Lottery Charities Board Tel: 0171 747 5200
Heritage Lottery Fund Tel: 0171 747 2033
The Millennium Commission Tel: 0171 880 2001
The English Sports Council Tel: 0345 649 649 (lo-call) The Sports Council of Scotland Tel: 0131 339 9000 The Sports Council of Northern Ireland Tel: 01232 381 222 The Sports Council of Wales Tel: 01222 300 500
National Lottery Head Office Tel: 01923 425 000
The National Lottery Regulator Tel: 0345 125 596 (lo-call)
Department of Culture, Media & Sports Tel: 0171 211 6200 [formerly the Department of National Heritage]